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A human nose is rich with small fragile blood vessels which are susceptible to damage. A nosebleed may be caused by a fall, a strike to the nose, or even from breathing excessively dry air.

If the nosebleed is not a symptom of a more serious injury, it is rarely dangerous and can usually be stopped by applying continuous pressure.

  • Do NOT tilt the victim's head backward.
  • Have the victim sit or stand upright to slow down the flow of blood.
  • Loosen any tight clothing around the victim's neck.
  • If possible, have the victim spit out excess saliva - swallowing may disturb the clot and cause nausea.
  • Pinch the nostrils shut and press the tip of the nose against the bones of the face.
  • Maintain pressure for 5 to 10 minutes.
  • Once the bleeding has stopped, the victim should avoid blowing his nose or otherwise straining himself for at least an hour.
If the victim's nose continues to bleed or if the blood flow appears to be excessive, or if the victim feels weak or faint, the damage may be more serious than it appears. You should call 9-1-1 or take him to the nearest emergency room as soon as possible.
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